Why is it important?

The Convention is the first international treaty that was negotiated with direct participation of its beneficiaries: persons with disabilities and their families. Many crucial provisions of the Convention that will determine the development of human rights policies for decades on, such as the recognition of full legal capacity, right to community living and to inclusive education, have been included thanks to uncompromising pressure of persons with disabilities organised in global networks who were present at the negotiation table.

As a result, the Convention clearly explains that no decision concerning the rights of persons with disabilities is legitimate unless it is taken by persons with disabilities or with their active and meaningful involvement. The motto of the disability movement – “Nothing about us without us” – is applicable on all the rights of the Convention.

The Convention also provides for the establishment, following the rules adopted by the UN, of a national mechanism for independent and transparent monitoring of the country obligations under the Convention. Such mechanism, established by law, must have a very broad mandate to promote, protect and monitor the implementation of the rights protected under the Convention. The continuous monitoring by this body of the national human rights situation is an incentive for the government to take seriously the obligations undertaken when ratifying the Convention and show genuine progress in fulfilling them.