As a Party to the CRPD, the EU has put in place a number of measures to implement Article 19. Given the way policy competence is shared between the EU and its 27 Member States, the EU does not have a remit to prohibit the construction of institutions for persons with disabilities. Instead, it has focused its energy on furthering the process of de-institutionalisation through the distribution of EU funding. The Regulations guiding the use of funding are clear about the fact that EU money should not go towards building or renovating institutions, but should rather go towards the “transition from institutional to family- and community-based care”.
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The Implementation of CRPD Article 19 by the European Union